Several gout diet plans are available, but choosing the best brings more benefits and long-lasting freedom from the condition. The best diet for gout patients is one that targets the underlying cause, which is hyperuricemia. This diet plan consists of food with highest nutrient density and minimal purine content, and abstinence from food containing ingredients rich in purines, such as organ and red meat, seafood, wine and beer.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GOUT AND DIET
To understand better the significant role diet plays in the treatment and prevention of gout, it helps that you know what the relationship between the two. There is a direct relationship between diet and gout, for the following reasons:
The underlying cause of gout is the excessive formation of uric acid in the body. There are two sources of uric acid, as follows:
- The body naturally produces it from purines, an organic compound.
- Your body receives purines from your diet, as most food and beverages contain this substance in varying levels.
Excessive uric acid happens for the following reasons:
- You eat too much of food rich in purines.
- Your kidneys are not able to remove it, as necessary.
Uric acid that stays in the body when it should have went away through the urine leads to hyperuricemia, the underlying cause of gout. Hence, you can conclude that gout-causing diets are those rich in purine, and along with the inability of the kidneys to regulate uric acid, will result in a flare-up.
GOUT DIET FOODS TO AVOID
The best gout diet plan avoids or restricts food ingredients containing high to moderate levels of purines. With a gout flare-up, it is necessary to abstain from food with high purine level, and limit your intake of food with moderate levels of purines.
If you want to reduce your chances of succeeding flare-ups, you might as well control your consumption of purine-rich food and stick to anti-gout diet plans. Below is a gout diet list of food ingredients to avoid and restrict.
Food Ingredients with High Levels of Purines
- Organ meats such as liver, heart, kidney, and brain
- Wine and beer
- Red meat
Food Ingredients with Moderate Levels of Purines
- Seafood other than those mentioned above
- Wheat bran
- Wheat germ
Food Ingredients with Low Levels of Purines
According to WebMD, these ingredients are safe to include in your recipes, as they do not increase your risk of gout attacks.
- Green vegetables
- Fruits and their extracts
- Peanut butter and nuts
ANTI-GOUT DIET FOODS TO CONSUME
These food ingredients are beneficial to your body to protect against and prevent gout flare-ups. Include these in your anti gout diet list.
- Low-fat or fat-free milk
- Low-fat or fat-free yogurt
- Fruits and vegetables
- Fresh potable water
- Herbs such as parsley and celery
Two of the above ingredients are popular natural remedies to gout. These are:
- Cherries – clinical studies found that increasing your consumption of cherries can reduce the risk of gout flare-ups by 35% (eating cherries alone) up to 75% (when combined with allopurinol, a medicine that inhibits the body to produce uric acid).
This is because cherries contain natural compounds that work to stop and inhibit the production or uric acid. Its anti-oxidants work to control inflammation, a key factor for gout.
- Water- is a natural cleansing agent. It cleanses the digestive tract of toxic substances to prevent them from harming and interfering with the body systems. It optimizes the functions of the kidneys in removing uric acid from the body.
Studies reveal that one of the big factors for acute gout flare-ups is dehydration. Two of the most common signs of dehydration are constipation and dry skin. The best way to hydrate the body is to drink water, lots of it. However, it is best to choose fresh pure water instead of mineral water in washing away uric acid.
GOUT DIET POINTERS FOR PATIENTS
Here are some diet tips for gout patients from the Mayo Clinic:
- Limit consumption of the following meat: cattle, fish, and poultry. During a flare-up, it is best to abstain from eating meat listed under food with high levels of purines. Outside a flare-up, limit your intake up to six (6) oz. daily.
- Reduce your consumption of fatty food, especially those with saturated fats. Fats interfere with the ability of your kidneys to excrete uric acid through urination. Instead of sourcing your protein from animals, source it from plant.
- Plant-based food ingredients are not only high in nutrients, but their fat content is considerably lower than animal-based food ingredients. If you have to use the latter, choose the low fat to fat-free variety and preferably from grass-fed or free-roaming animals.
- Abstain from beer and wine and other ingredients with alcohol content while suffering from an attack. If you wish to minimize chances of another flare-up, continue your abstinence with your recovery from a gout flare-up. If you cannot, restrict your intake to a maximum of two-5-0z per day. Women will do well with a once a day 5 oz. limit.
- Avoid or limit your consumption of food containing fructose, especially corn syrup. Fructose is a simple sugar that clinical studies found to have an ability to increase uric acid in the body. Refrain from drinking bottled or canned fruit juices and soft drinks. Drink water, instead, as it is a natural cleansing agent that can flush out uric acid.
- For your carbohydrate requirement, source it from food with complex carbohydrates and avoid those with simple carbohydrates. For instance, choose to eat fresh fruits instead of canned fruits. Consume whole grains and avoid white bread, chocolates, cakes, and candies.
- Drink plenty of water to cleanse your body and to encourage urinating that will remove uric acid from your body. For variety, you may consider drinking fresh coconut water.
These tips on diet for gout sufferers may also apply to all those who wish to prevent the condition, whether or not they are at risks.
GOUT DIET RECIPES SAMPLE
You can prepare your gout diet menu from easy and simple recipes. Online, you will find several resources and gout diet pdf for download. Meanwhile, here are three gout diet recipes to sample.
Breakfast Pumpkin Pancake
- Canned or raw pumpkin
- Low fat or fat-free natural yogurt
- Egg yolk
- Egg whites
- Cake flour
- Raw honey or alternative
- A dash of salt to taste
- Cooking oil or spray
- In a bowl, mix the following ingredients: pumpkin (if using fresh pumpkin, boil it first until soft or tender), yogurt, egg yolk (whisked), and flour.
- Fold whisked egg whites (with or without salt) into the mixture.
- Heat your non-stick pan coated with cooking oil or spray. Place spooned batter onto the pan, flipping it when its edges turn brownish and its top is with bubbles.
- Pour a few drops of raw honey or alternative syrup (avoid corn syrup) onto the cooked pancakes.
- Spaghetti noodles
- Grated parmesan cheese or cottage cheese
- Crushed garlic
- Coriander or parsley, chopped finely
- Olive oil
- Salt and pepper to taste
- Follow the package instructions on how to cook the spaghetti noodles. Place the cooked noodles in a bowl.
- Combine the rest of the ingredients and stir the mixture into the noodles. Serve warm.
- Parsley or coriander
- Fresh pure/filtered water (avoid using mineral water)
- Blend the ingredients together.
- Use ice if you want to produce iced shake.
Here is a sample of a gouty arthritis diet menu:
- Skimmed milk
- Pumpkin pancake
- Fruit and vegetable salad
- Cherries or strawberries
- Steamed white fish or chicken meat
- Anti-Gout juice
- Anti-Gout spaghetti
- Anti-Gout juice
- Baked chicken meat or roasted lean meat
- Cherries, strawberries, or papayas
DIET FOR GOUT BENEFITS
Sticking to the best diet for gout has several benefits, including the following:
- Regulate the entry of purines and uric acid into your body.
- Relieve your digestive system and kidneys in metabolizing purines and removing uric acid from the body.
- Relieve the extremely painful symptoms of gout.
- Protect your body against recurring gout flare-ups.
- Save your body against the adverse effects of medications.
- Save your pocket against the high cost of anti-gout medicines.
You must understand that it is hardly possible to stop a gout attack once it has already started. The goal therefore of diets for gout is to get rid of the symptoms and to prevent future attacks. To do this, you must consume food that help and avoid those that trigger or hurt your body more with the attacks.
The best gout diet is one that will address the underlying cause of the condition, which is hyperuricemia or excessive uric acid in your blood. Treating the condition naturally is often the best solution considering its recurring nature. Save your body from the painful symptoms, get rid of the underlying cause, and enjoy long-lasting freedom from gout by making the right choice of diet.